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Oxidative stress biomarkers in the gills of the bivalve Mactra stultorum exposed to acrylamide
Wafa Trabelsi, Chaima Fouzai, Imene Chetoui, Safa Bejaoui, Khaoula Telahigue, Imen Rabeh, Mhamed El Cafsi, Nejla Soudani

Acrylamide (ACR) is among the most deleterious pollutants in the environment and presents a serious risk to humans and ecosystems. The purpose of this study was to assess its effects when administered at different concentrations (5, 10 and 20 mg L–1) to evaluate antioxidant status in the gills of Mactra stultorum. Our results showed, after five days of treatment, an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), reduced glutathione (GSH), ascorbic acid (Vit C) and metallothionein (MDA) levels in gills of treated clams compared with controls. Moreover, an increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and a significant decrease in glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were also observed. Acrylamide induced neurotoxicity, as evidenced by the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in a dose-dependent manner. Overall, our results indicated that oxidative stress may be considered one of the mechanisms behind acrylamide toxicity in bivalves, although the subject requires more research.

Keywords: acrylamide; exposure; Mactra stultorum; gills; antioxidant status; acetylcholinesterase
Contents of this volume Sci. Mar. 84(2) : 143-150 Back PDF
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